Romanovs are one of the northern European short-tailed breeds of sheep. It is considered a race of "pure, original genes" (not created by crossbreeding, hybridization, unlike most modern races and all traits are almost unchanged, exactly as recorded in the first records, as nature made them, as we see them today.
They are known for their high fertility, excellent fur and, above all, good meat taste. However, unlike the Russian variety, the Czech line has been significantly improved in terms of fattening abilities, with preserved fertility. This breed of sheep can now be considered among the three most productive in the world, and by meat production it is convincingly holding the firsta place. This, of course, implies that the genetics must be "unlocked" by an intensive and quality diet, while retaining all other positive features such as adaptability to different climatic factors, exceptional liveliness and resilience of lambs after birth, good maternal instinct and early maturity.
Fours, fives, and even sixes can be expected from this sheep, but it is realistic to expect 2.7 lambs per sheep, that is, 2.5 reared lambs. With lambing at 8-9 months, it is assumed that about 370 lambs are produced per 100 sheep per year. These values in the intensive care system can be raised to the level of 500-600 lambs, which is our aim at the farm. With good care, these sheep are destined for an average production of 3.5 lambs per mother sheep.
Adequate nutrition can achieve a lamb weight of approx. 30 kg, with abundant and quality nutrition of mother and lambs. Lambs achieve daily increments of 300-350 and even 400 grams / day (depending on the size of the litter), with a meat yield of 60%. Thus, one sheep, with 5-6 reared lambs during the year, can achieve a production of 150-170 kg of meat. It is calculated that the costs of intensive nutrition at the level of the year are covered by the sale of two lambs, and that the earnings are from the third and subsequent lambs. Our lambs reach a weight of ca. 30 kg in 90 days.
The farm has a genetic fund of 5 bloodlines, which provides us and the farmers with long-term independence in further selection and cooperation in this field.
Available bloodlines are:
- Ramon and
Multiple lines ensure long-term independence of buyers of genetic material from new, expensive imports. Each of these lines is characterized by different directions of upbringing - greater emphasis on fertility, fatness and / or body frame. These are fine shades because these lines are generally already well balanced to the stated characteristics.
Our herds have the genotype: ARR / ARR, ARR / ARQ resistance to scrapie, and meet the conditions for export, as well as negative tests for infectious diseases such as Maedi visna, brucellosis, chlamydia and Q fever.
Mating and full maturation
Romanov sheep have a pronounced polycyclicity (production of eggs throughout the year, regardless of the season), which means that they can achieve lambs naturally every six months, regardless of the breeding season.
The predominant characteristic of this breed is in early puberty and which can be expected as early as 4-5 months of age. This means that lambs should be separated by sex at the latest at 3 months of age to avoid unwanted mating.
Female heads are allowed on our farm from the age of 10 months in order to acquire the appropriate dimensions that will be a permanent feature of the head - a stasis and a spacious mother.
Sheep can mate as early as 25 days after lambing and are therefore unique in the world, while other breeds, for example, need at least 42 days of rest. However, the practice of early mating should be avoided in order to maintain the continuity of high fertility and timely recovery of maternal body weight.
Romanov sheep have a slightly shorter gestation period, from 138 to 143 days, which further accelerates production shifts.
Romanov rams are active all year round and males of this breed have the highest libido in the world! They are generally calm in temperament, while sheep can be timid when kept in larger groups.
The growth of lambs is supported by high milk production of 150-300 liters per 100 days of lactation. The practice is that with 3 lambs no additional attention is required, while with 4 and more lambs must be fed in order to avoid more pronounced stratification of offspring by weight due to overcrowding within the litter.
In general, the breed is grateful for upbringing, because it is very resistant, without special requirements for food and accommodation, thus it is very suitable for beginners because it "tolerates mistakes" and compensates with the number of offspring. Sheep adapt very easily to grazing or stable conditions.
Our principle is to save the origin genetics of the breeding eves imported from the Checz Republic. In order to be able to insure the pure genetics, we have to follow very precize procedures and record all relatives and relations.
The breeding herd has been imported from Mrs. Michaela Kvisova, she is one of the best farmers in Europe, all of the ewes are fair winners worldwide. Descendants of these ewe are now available in Bosnia and Herzegovina; therefore we pay additional attention to the breeding process. Additionaly we have hired experts in order to provide the best selection results and contribute to the gorwth of our breeding herd.
Since our priority is to save the ure blood lines, we decided to import aries from Paradise Ranch – owenr Mrs. Michaela Kvisova. By importing 9 aries we have imported new blood lines and insrued new genetic fund for our farm. This is one of the most important preconditions to ensure the best breeding results.